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Post-2015

Background

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals that all UN member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. The United Nations Millennium Declaration commits world leaders to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women. The MDGs are derived from this Declaration, and all have specific targets and indicators. The UN MDGs framework galvanized global endeavor for development. The UN has published annual report from 2005 which presents the yearly assessment of global progress towards the MDGs. The MDGs Report 2012 highlights several milestones - three important MDGs targets have been met well ahead of the target date of 2015. The report says that meeting the remaining challenging remains possible only with great endeavor.

With some targets remains challenging, international community led by the UN began to discuss a new development framework for Post-2015. Global demand for a new development framework beyond 2015 exists on the ground that the MDGs have contributed to collective action against poverty. The outcome document of the 2010 Midterm Review requested the UN Secretary General to make recommendations to advance the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015. In this regard, the Post-2015 is expected to make continuous efforts to achieve unmet targets of the MDGs and initiate effective global mechanisms to cope with new challenges.

International Preparations of the Post-2015

The UN Secretary General established the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda in September. The first report titled as “Realizing the Future We Want for All” prepared by the UN System-wide Task Team recommends:

  • A vision for the future that rests on the core values of human rights, equality and sustainability
  • An agenda format based on concrete end goals and targets, but reorganized along four key dimensions of a more holistic approach: (1) inclusive social development; (2) inclusive economic development; (3) environmental sustainability; and (4) peace and security
  • Besides, the post-2015 UN development agenda should be conceived as a truly global agenda with shared responsibilities for all countries, thus the global partnership for development would need to be redefined towards a more balanced approach among all development partners. Furthermore, the proposed vision and framework for the post-2015agenda must be fully aligned with the outcome of global discussions on development, such as the Rio +20.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon also established the UN High-Level panel on the Post-2015 development agenda in late July 2012. The high-level panel will submit a report on framework for the post-2015 which will be used as basis for inter-governmental consultation process from the second half of 2013. At the first meeting in September 2012, the 26 panels presented exchange opinions about the format of and major issues to be addressed in framework for the post-2015. From various opinions suggested, there may be four major issues involved in the post-2015 development agenda:

  • (1) Firstly, continuity from MDGs must be considered. When considering the long-term outcomes in regards to the resources invested so far, it may be important to inherit the strengths of MDG in the post-2015 framework; (2) Secondly, the subject of growth must be one of priorities in development issues. Since development is directly influenced by the world economy, it is important to provide assistance for each country’s economic growth regarding trade and financial policies; (3) Thirdly, low-carbon green growth must be emphasized. The new development cooperation framework must accommodate the circumstances of the poorest parts of the world in terms of low-carbon green growth; (4) Lastly, it must incorporate a new development partnership. As stakeholders in development expand, it is important to develop a new cooperation system that involves diverse parties.

Realizing the Future We Want for All

Korea’s participation for Post-2015

Korea is also making proactive efforts regarding the framework for the post-2015 development agenda. The Korean governments is willing to contribute to develop the post-2015 framework by utilizing its unique development experiences of transforming itself from the least developed country to a donor country in only 50 years. As a host country of the G20 Seoul Summit in 2010 and the fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in 2011, Korea tries to link the G20 development agenda and Busan Global Partnership with the post-2015 development agenda to deploy a new framework in more comprehensive and aligned manner. It is also important considering global challenges we are now faced with are interdependent so that we need to involve related stakeholders and to adopt holistic approaches to cope with them. For example, Korea encourages inclusive partnership with comprehensive stakeholders such as NGOs, business, academia, and emerging donors. Bottom-up process is also emphasized to facilitate development partners to participate in the decision making and implementation. As the Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade has designated as a UN High-Level panel on the Post-2015 development agenda, Korea will be able to play more responsible role in the consultation for new development framework for the post-2015.

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