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SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals)

Background

Following the success and motivation from MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) achieved by 2015, further steps were required to strengthen the achievements from MDGs. With such perspectives, UN General Assembly endorsed the resolution of 2030 Development Agenda on September 25, 2015. The adopted resolution which is also named as transforming our world pursuits to eradicate all poverty while ensuring sustainable development, hence accelerate the prosperity for people and planet. The resolution also includes the goals and their targets to achieve the aim of the resolution.

General characteristics of SDGs

The 2030 Development Agenda encompasses 17 different goals and their 169 targets to realize the aim of the agenda. Each goal is to let all countries to put efforts in curtailing all sorts of poverty, ensuring equalities, and undertaking climate change to achieve prosperity. The SDGs focus on establishing the foundation for economic growth and various social requirements such as education, health, social protection and job opportunities with ensuring environment protection and coping with climate changes.

Categories of SDGs

SDGs

1. No Poverty 2. Zero Hunger 3. Good Health and
Well-being
4. Quality Education
5. Gender Equality 6. Clean Water and Sanitation 7. Affordable and Clean
Energy
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
9. Industry, Innovation and
Infrastructure
10. Reduced Inequality 11. Sustainable Cities and
Communities
12. Responsible Consumption and Production
13. Climate Action 14. Life Below Water 15. Life on Land 16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
17. Partnership for the Goals      

Korea's Commitment for sustainable development

Korea is well aware that achieving the SDGs Agenda requires a concrete implementation mechanism and well-designed plans. Legislation that directly addresses the issue in the domestic context includes the Sustainable Development Act, and Korea uses the mechanism underpinned by such legislation to internalise and implement the 2030 Agenda through whole-of-government commitment.

The Third Basic Plan for Sustainable Development, adopted in January 2016, presents a vision of the harmonious development of the environment, society and economy, and sets outs the four goals of a healthy environment, a safe and integrated society, an inclusive and innovative economy, and a globally responsible country, as well as 50 implementation tasks. Each government agency carries out tasks, and the Commission on Sustainable Development will review their implementation and issue a sustainable development report every two years. The Korean government also has a plan to develop indicators in order to evaluate progress in implementing SDGs in the country and ensure policy coherence.

While the implementation of SDGs in Korea is carried out by all relevant ministries, under the Sustainable Development Act and its mechanism, the country‘s support for the international community‘s sustainable development efforts is based on the Framework Act. Enacted in 2010, the Framework Act includes the "pursuit of sustainable development" as one of its principles. The Korean government set a basic policy goal of contributing to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by adopting the Mid-term Strategy for Development Cooperation (2016-2020) in November 2015, the highest-level policy document endorsed by the Prime Minister.

References:
The Sustainable Development Agenda,
http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld/publication

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