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Asia

Asia is the world’s most populous region where two-thirds of the world’s poorest people live. The priorities of development vary greatly from country to country or from area to area since Asia is ethnically, historically, and culturally diverse region. With rapid economic growth rate, such as China, India and other Asian countries growing at the rates of 13%, 9%, and 6% respectively, on average per year - the MDGs are likely to be achieved in many Asian countries, however, development gap between the rich and poor and between rural areas and urban areas need to be resolved for balanced and sustainable development.

Given geographical proximity and cultural similarities with Asian partner countries, the Korean government has allocated the greatest amount of its ODA to Asian partner countries. There are eleven countries out of the twenty-four priority partner countries located in Asia and more than half of Korea’s bilateral aid is distributed to Asian region. The Korean government intends to support partner countries in Asia based on each partner countries’ demands; however promoting private sector’s development, environmentally sustainable development, and reducing disparity of development by pro-poor growth are important considerations in delivering ODA interventions. Not only for ASEAN countries which have been major partner countries so far, Korea plans to gradually expand support to the least developed and most vulnerable countries especially in West Asia, in pursuit of peace-building and reconstruction.

Country 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Vietnam 10.08 24.67 53.22 57.53 96.04 139.49 200.32 234.56 178.84 217.16
Laos 13.55 17.90 11.57 25.14 27.75 33.48 23.52 27.07 28.98 87.63
Cambodia 13.83 35.28 34.66 17.05 37.33 62.23 56.15 60.54 68.62 65.85
Afghanistan 2.15 2.58 4.02 24.09 93.68 27.99 78.50 122.41 64.36 54.60
Bangladesh 22.19 10.00 8.05 13.55 54.67 80.02 46.76 44.71 68.06 52.16
Philippines 7.06 28.16 21.16 22.07 29.54 35.69 31.33 42.74 60.93 44.04
Indonesia 18.90 28.78 18.94 27.76 24.44 24.29 37.23 31.50 21.49 39.55
Sri Lanka 22.65 33.26 20.30 15.50 43.47 43.36 51.49 44.93 44.78 27.46
Mongolia 5.40 12.90 16.47 32.26 39.15 30.50 31.79 27.67 30.76 24.20
Myanmar 8.53 0.50 4.37 1.95 3.25 4.81 6.04 11.72 17.29 21.23
Nepal 2.04 4.98 4.69 18.07 20.78 20.97 20.77 17.09 14.44 17.56
Timor-Leste 0.57 1.36 2.18 1.77 1.82 7.02 7.55 3.60 4.02 9.01
Pakistan 4.15 3.31 1.73 1.96 19.47 11.74 7.09 35.85 12.91 5.74
Thailand 2.22 2.15 1.85 2.32 2.49 4.47 2.89 3.34 3.44 4.73

* Source: QWIDS

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