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Strategic Plan

Taking into account global discussions on development cooperation and Korea’s current status, the Korean government devised the Strategic Plan for International Development Cooperation (Strategic Plan) at the 7th meeting of the Committee for International Development Cooperation (CIDC) in October 2010. The Strategic Plan clarifies its basic framework for Korea’s international development cooperation policy as follows: (i) to take responsibility as a member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC); (ii) to fulfill its commitment of scaling up the ODA volume; (iii) to strengthen integrated ODA system in accordance with the Framework Act.

The Strategic Plan adopted three core strategies to improve Korea's ODA performance, i.e., (i) developing ODA contents taking advantage of Korea’s development experiences; (ii) enhancing the ODA system; (iii) strengthening inclusive partnership for development.

Developing ODA contents taking advantage of Korea’s development experiences: Korea works to turn its intangible development experiences into applicable models for partner countries to refer in policy making and capacity building. Korea strategically selected 100 cases from 8 focused sectors; economy, health, education, public administration and ICT, agriculture, fishery and forestry, land management, industry and energy, and environment. Korea believes that the selected cases will be helpful for partner countries, who share many common features with Korea in an era of development. In addition to that, Korea developed an inventory of successful ODA programs conducted so far in partner countries to spread know-how and lessons learned throughout all executing ministries and agencies.

Enhancing Korea’s ODA system: For more and better aid, Korea needed to review its entire ODA system and to improve its ODA system for addressing challenges. The basic orientation includes integrated strategy, coordinating system, and strong result-based management system. First, the integrated strategy contains selection of priority partner countries and Country Partnership Strategies (CPS) which provide unitary guidance to follow for all the ODA executing ministries and agencies. Secondly, the Korean government devised more harmonized and coordinated way of conducting ODA from the strategy, planning, delivery, and evaluation among multiple agencies and various types of ODA. Korea adopted ‘the Guidelines on the Integrated Evaluation (2009)’ in line with the OECD DAC's ‘Principles for Evaluation of Development Assistance (1991)’ and formed a joint government-civilian ‘Sub-committee for Evaluation’ under the CIDC to conduct integrated evaluation (2009).

Strengthening inclusive partnership for development: As a responsible member of the global community, Korea respects and complies with the international development cooperation standards to strengthen its global partnerships and plans to contribute more to multilateral organizations. To meet this end, Korea sets three major measures implementing multilateral ODA more strategically, complying with global norms and participating in the standard-setting process, and actively participating in global discussions of the international community.

Recognizing the importance of public support, the Strategic Plan emphasizes inclusive partnership with private sector from information sharing to joint working in ODA implementation. Korea established ‘Whole-of-government Strategy for Public Awareness of ODA’ at the 6th meeting of the CIDC in December 2009. To follow this up, the CIDC made task force in 2010 and conducted diverse communication activities including (i) introduction of ODA in elementary and middle school text books (since 2010); (ii) development of the Korea’ ODA brand identity (BI) (August 2011); and (iii) launching integrated website of Korean ODA (January 2012). In addition to these communication activities, the Korean government promotes public education and research through KOICA, universities, or research institutions to foster ODA experts and to enhance public awareness of ODA. The government also has promoted collaboration with private sectors, such as NGOs, business, and academia to find more effective delivering methods to contribute partner countries’ dynamic and sustainable development.